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Fungi: Basidiomycota: Agaricomycetes: Russulales: Auriscalpiaceae: Auriscalpium vulgare Gray, 1821

Auriscalpium vulgare – Earpick fungus

Synonyms: Auriscalpium auriscalpium, Auriscalpium fechtneri, Hydnum atrotomentosum, Hydnum auriscalpium, Hydnum fechtneri, Leptodon auriscalpium, Pleurodon auriscalpium, Pleurodon fechtneri, Scutiger auriscalpium.

Common name: earpick fungus.

Russian name: Auriskalpium obyknovennyy.

Extract from Wikipedia article: Auriscalpium vulgare, commonly known as the pinecone mushroom, the cone tooth, or the ear-pick fungus, is a species of fungus in the family Auriscalpiaceae of the order Russulales. It was first described in 1753 by Carl Linnaeus, who included it as a member of the tooth fungi genus Hydnum, but British mycologist Samuel Frederick Gray recognized its uniqueness and in 1821 transferred it to the genus Auriscalpium that he created to contain it. The fungus is widely distributed in Europe, Central America, North America, and temperate Asia. Although common, its small size and nondescript colors lead it to be easily overlooked in the pine woods where it grows. A. vulgare is not generally considered edible because of its tough texture, but some historical literature says it used to be consumed in France and Italy.

Photos of this mushroom from the area of St. Petersburg, Russia

Pinecone mushroom (<B>Auriscalpium vulgare</B>) on Krasnodolinnaya Alley in Pavlovsk, suburb of Saint Petersburg. Russia, <A HREF="../date-en/2017-04-06.htm">April 6, 2017</A>
LinkPinecone mushroom (Auriscalpium vulgare) on Krasnodolinnaya Alley in Pavlovsk, suburb of Saint Petersburg. Russia, April 6, 2017
Location on mapsСанкт-Петербург, Пушкинский район, Павловск, Краснодолинная аллея
Pinecone mushrooms (<B>Auriscalpium vulgare</B>) taken from Pavlovsk, suburb of Saint Petersburg. Russia, <A HREF="../date-en/2017-04-06.htm">April 6, 2017</A>
LinkPinecone mushrooms (Auriscalpium vulgare) taken from Pavlovsk, suburb of Saint Petersburg. Russia, April 6, 2017
Caps and a stem of pinecone mushrooms (<B>Auriscalpium vulgare</B>) taken from Pavlovsk, suburb of Saint Petersburg. Russia, <A HREF="../date-en/2017-04-06.htm">April 6, 2017</A>
LinkCaps and a stem of pinecone mushrooms (Auriscalpium vulgare) taken from Pavlovsk, suburb of Saint Petersburg. Russia, April 6, 2017

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Acknowledgements

Russian web-forums Planeta Gribov, V Kontakte, and Griby Sredney Polosy for learning names of local mushrooms.

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