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Fungi: Basidiomycota: Agaricomycetes: Agaricales: Physalacriaceae: Flammulina velutipes (Curtis) Singer, 1951

Flammulina velutipes – Velvet shank

Synonyms: Agaricus atropes, Agaricus fuscipes, Agaricus sphinx, Agaricus velutipes, Collybia eriocephala, Collybia veluticeps, Collybia velutipes, Collybidium velutipes, Gymnopus velutipes, Myxocollybia velutipes, Pleurotus velutipes.

Common name: velvet shank.

Russian names: Opionok zimniy, Flammulina, Flammulina barkhatistonozhkovaya, Kollibiya barkhatistonozhkovaya, Zimniy grib.

Extract from Wikipedia article: Enokitake (榎茸, エノキタケ, Japanese pronunciation: [enokitake], /ᵻˌnoʊkiˈtɑːkiː/), also Enokidake (榎茸, エノキダケ, Japanese pronunciation: [enokidake], /ᵻˌnoʊkiˈdɑːkiː/) or Enoki (榎, エノキ, Japanese pronunciation: [enoki], /ᵻˈnoʊki/), is a long, thin white mushroom used in East Asian cuisine (such as that of China, Japan, Vietnam and Korea). These mushrooms are cultivars of Flammulina velutipes, also known by the name golden needle mushroom or lily mushroom. Wild forms differing in color, texture, and sliminess are called names including seafood mushrooms, winter mushrooms or winter fungus, velvet foot, velvet stem or velvet shank.

Photos of this mushroom from the area of St. Petersburg, Russia

Winter mushrooms (velvet foot, <B>Flammulina velutipes</B>) on a base of Peacock wooden sculpture in Botanic Gardens of Komarov Botanical Institute. Saint Petersburg, Russia, <A HREF="../date-en/2016-09-24.htm">September 24, 2016</A>
LinkWinter mushrooms (velvet foot, Flammulina velutipes) on a base of Peacock wooden sculpture in Botanic Gardens of Komarov Botanical Institute. Saint Petersburg, Russia, September 24, 2016
Location on mapsСанкт-Петербург, Аптекарская набережная
Winter mushrooms (velvet foot, <B>Flammulina velutipes</B>) on Zakharov Island in Gatchina Park. Gatchina, a suburb of Saint Petersburg, Russia, <A HREF="../date-en/2016-10-12.htm">October 12, 2016</A>
LinkWinter mushrooms (velvet foot, Flammulina velutipes) on Zakharov Island in Gatchina Park. Gatchina, a suburb of Saint Petersburg, Russia, October 12, 2016
Location on mapsЛенинградская область, Гатчина, остров Захаров
Winter mushrooms (velvet foot, <B>Flammulina velutipes</B>) near Oredezh River in Posiolok near Vyritsa, south from Saint Petersburg, Russia, <A HREF="../date-en/2016-10-16.htm">October 16, 2016</A>
LinkWinter mushrooms (velvet foot, Flammulina velutipes) near Oredezh River in Posiolok near Vyritsa, south from Saint Petersburg, Russia, October 16, 2016
Location on mapsЛенинградская область, Гатчинский район, Сиверское городское поселение
Winter mushrooms (velvet foot, <B>Flammulina velutipes</B>) on the ground in Posiolok near Vyritsa, south from Saint Petersburg, Russia, <A HREF="../date-en/2016-10-16.htm">October 16, 2016</A>
LinkWinter mushrooms (velvet foot, Flammulina velutipes) on the ground in Posiolok near Vyritsa, south from Saint Petersburg, Russia, October 16, 2016
Location on mapsЛенинградская область, Гатчинский район, Сиверское городское поселение
Caps of winter mushrooms (velvet foot, <B>Flammulina velutipes</B>) near Oredezh River in Posiolok near Vyritsa, south from Saint Petersburg, Russia, <A HREF="../date-en/2016-10-16.htm">October 16, 2016</A>
LinkCaps of winter mushrooms (velvet foot, Flammulina velutipes) near Oredezh River in Posiolok near Vyritsa, south from Saint Petersburg, Russia, October 16, 2016
Location on mapsЛенинградская область, Гатчинский район, Сиверское городское поселение
Winter mushrooms (velvet foot, <B>Flammulina velutipes</B>) on a stump in Posiolok near Vyritsa, south from Saint Petersburg, Russia, <A HREF="../date-en/2016-10-16.htm">October 16, 2016</A>
LinkWinter mushrooms (velvet foot, Flammulina velutipes) on a stump in Posiolok near Vyritsa, south from Saint Petersburg, Russia, October 16, 2016
Location on mapsЛенинградская область, Гатчинский район, Сиверское городское поселение
Winter mushrooms (velvet foot, <B>Flammulina velutipes</B>) on rotten log in Posiolok near Vyritsa, south from Saint Petersburg, Russia, <A HREF="../date-en/2016-10-16.htm">October 16, 2016</A>
LinkWinter mushrooms (velvet foot, Flammulina velutipes) on rotten log in Posiolok near Vyritsa, south from Saint Petersburg, Russia, October 16, 2016
Location on mapsЛенинградская область, Гатчинский район, Сиверское городское поселение
Small winter mushrooms (velvet stem, <B>Flammulina velutipes</B>) taken from Pavlovsk Park, near Saint Petersburg. Russia, <A HREF="../date-en/2016-11-01.htm">November 1, 2016</A>
LinkSmall winter mushrooms (velvet stem, Flammulina velutipes) taken from Pavlovsk Park, near Saint Petersburg. Russia, November 1, 2016
Bunch of winter mushrooms (velvet stem, <B>Flammulina velutipes</B>) taken from Pavlovsk Park, near Saint Petersburg. Russia, <A HREF="../date-en/2016-11-01.htm">November 1, 2016</A>
LinkBunch of winter mushrooms (velvet stem, Flammulina velutipes) taken from Pavlovsk Park, near Saint Petersburg. Russia, November 1, 2016
Back lit winter mushrooms (velvet stem, <B>Flammulina velutipes</B>) taken from Pavlovsk Park, near Saint Petersburg. Russia, <A HREF="../date-en/2016-11-01.htm">November 1, 2016</A>
LinkBack lit winter mushrooms (velvet stem, Flammulina velutipes) taken from Pavlovsk Park, near Saint Petersburg. Russia, November 1, 2016
Young winter mushrooms (velvet stem, <B>Flammulina velutipes</B>) taken from Pavlovsk Park, near Saint Petersburg. Russia, <A HREF="../date-en/2016-11-01.htm">November 1, 2016</A>
LinkYoung winter mushrooms (velvet stem, Flammulina velutipes) taken from Pavlovsk Park, near Saint Petersburg. Russia, November 1, 2016
Winter mushrooms (velvet foot, <B>Flammulina velutipes</B>) on a mossy stump in Sosnovka Park. Saint Petersburg, Russia, <A HREF="../date-en/2016-11-23.htm">November 23, 2016</A>
LinkWinter mushrooms (velvet foot, Flammulina velutipes) on a mossy stump in Sosnovka Park. Saint Petersburg, Russia, November 23, 2016
Location on mapsСанкт-Петербург, Выборгский район, муниципальный округ Сосновское, Лиственная аллея
Winter mushrooms (velvet foot, <B>Flammulina velutipes</B>) on a rotten stump in Sosnovka Park. Saint Petersburg, Russia, <A HREF="../date-en/2016-11-23.htm">November 23, 2016</A>
LinkWinter mushrooms (velvet foot, Flammulina velutipes) on a rotten stump in Sosnovka Park. Saint Petersburg, Russia, November 23, 2016
Location on mapsСанкт-Петербург, Выборгский район, муниципальный округ Сосновское, Лиственная аллея
Group of winter mushrooms (velvet foot, <B>Flammulina velutipes</B>) in Sosnovka Park. Saint Petersburg, Russia, <A HREF="../date-en/2016-11-23.htm">November 23, 2016</A>
LinkGroup of winter mushrooms (velvet foot, Flammulina velutipes) in Sosnovka Park. Saint Petersburg, Russia, November 23, 2016
Location on mapsСанкт-Петербург, парк Сосновка
Winter mushrooms (velvet foot, <B>Flammulina velutipes</B>) on a willow in Sosnovka Park. Saint Petersburg, Russia, <A HREF="../date-en/2016-11-23.htm">November 23, 2016</A>
LinkWinter mushrooms (velvet foot, Flammulina velutipes) on a willow in Sosnovka Park. Saint Petersburg, Russia, November 23, 2016
Location on mapsСанкт-Петербург, парк Сосновка
Winter mushrooms (velvet foot, <B>Flammulina velutipes</B>) on a dry tree in Botanic Gardens of Komarov Botanical Institute. Saint Petersburg, Russia, <A HREF="../date-en/2017-02-21.htm">February 21, 2017</A>
LinkWinter mushrooms (velvet foot, Flammulina velutipes) on a dry tree in Botanic Gardens of Komarov Botanical Institute. Saint Petersburg, Russia, February 21, 2017
Location on mapsСанкт-Петербург, набережная реки Карповки
Masses of winter mushrooms (velvet foot, <B>Flammulina velutipes</B>) on a dry tree in Botanic Gardens of Komarov Botanical Institute. Saint Petersburg, Russia, <A HREF="../date-en/2017-02-21.htm">February 21, 2017</A>
LinkMasses of winter mushrooms (velvet foot, Flammulina velutipes) on a dry tree in Botanic Gardens of Komarov Botanical Institute. Saint Petersburg, Russia, February 21, 2017
Location on mapsСанкт-Петербург, набережная реки Карповки
Cluster of winter mushrooms (velvet foot, <B>Flammulina velutipes</B>) on a dry tree in Botanic Gardens of Komarov Botanical Institute. Saint Petersburg, Russia, <A HREF="../date-en/2017-02-21.htm">February 21, 2017</A>
LinkCluster of winter mushrooms (velvet foot, Flammulina velutipes) on a dry tree in Botanic Gardens of Komarov Botanical Institute. Saint Petersburg, Russia, February 21, 2017
Location on mapsСанкт-Петербург, набережная реки Карповки
Winter mushrooms (velvet foot, <B>Flammulina velutipes</B>) with snow on a dry tree in Botanic Gardens of Komarov Botanical Institute. Saint Petersburg, Russia, <A HREF="../date-en/2017-02-21.htm">February 21, 2017</A>
LinkWinter mushrooms (velvet foot, Flammulina velutipes) with snow on a dry tree in Botanic Gardens of Komarov Botanical Institute. Saint Petersburg, Russia, February 21, 2017
Location on mapsСанкт-Петербург, набережная реки Карповки
Group of winter mushrooms (velvet foot, <B>Flammulina velutipes</B>) on a dry tree in Botanic Gardens of Komarov Botanical Institute. Saint Petersburg, Russia, <A HREF="../date-en/2017-02-21.htm">February 21, 2017</A>
LinkGroup of winter mushrooms (velvet foot, Flammulina velutipes) on a dry tree in Botanic Gardens of Komarov Botanical Institute. Saint Petersburg, Russia, February 21, 2017
Location on mapsСанкт-Петербург, набережная реки Карповки
Large cap of winter mushrooms (velvet foot, <B>Flammulina velutipes</B>) on a dry tree in Botanic Gardens of Komarov Botanical Institute. Saint Petersburg, Russia, <A HREF="../date-en/2017-02-21.htm">February 21, 2017</A>
LinkLarge cap of winter mushrooms (velvet foot, Flammulina velutipes) on a dry tree in Botanic Gardens of Komarov Botanical Institute. Saint Petersburg, Russia, February 21, 2017
Location on mapsСанкт-Петербург, набережная реки Карповки
Winter mushrooms (velvet foot, <B>Flammulina velutipes</B>) at the base of Elephant sculpture in Botanic Gardens of Komarov Botanical Institute. Saint Petersburg, Russia, <A HREF="../date-en/2017-03-02.htm">March 2, 2017</A>
LinkWinter mushrooms (velvet foot, Flammulina velutipes) at the base of Elephant sculpture in Botanic Gardens of Komarov Botanical Institute. Saint Petersburg, Russia, March 2, 2017
Winter mushrooms (velvet foot, <B>Flammulina velutipes</B>) on Rudakovskaya Lane in Smolenskoe Cemetery. Saint Petersburg, Russia, <A HREF="../date-en/2017-03-12.htm">March 12, 2017</A>
LinkWinter mushrooms (velvet foot, Flammulina velutipes) on Rudakovskaya Lane in Smolenskoe Cemetery. Saint Petersburg, Russia, March 12, 2017
Location on mapsСанкт-Петербург, Василеостровский район, Рудаковская дорожка
Cluster of winter mushrooms (velvet foot, <B>Flammulina velutipes</B>) on Rudakovskaya Lane in Smolenskoe Cemetery. Saint Petersburg, Russia, <A HREF="../date-en/2017-03-12.htm">March 12, 2017</A>
LinkCluster of winter mushrooms (velvet foot, Flammulina velutipes) on Rudakovskaya Lane in Smolenskoe Cemetery. Saint Petersburg, Russia, March 12, 2017
Location on mapsСанкт-Петербург, Василеостровский район, Знаменская дорожка
Bulbous honey fungus (Armillaria gallica) and Velvet shank (<B>Flammulina velutipes</B>) on a peninsula of 4-th South Pond on Elagin Island. Saint Petersburg, Russia, <A HREF="../date-en/2017-10-22.htm">October 22, 2017</A>
LinkBulbous honey fungus (Armillaria gallica) and Velvet shank (Flammulina velutipes) on a peninsula of 4-th South Pond on Elagin Island. Saint Petersburg, Russia, October 22, 2017
Location on mapsСанкт-Петербург, Елагин остров
Velvet shank mushrooms (<B>Flammulina velutipes</B>) on a peninsula of 4-th South Pond on Elagin Island. Saint Petersburg, Russia, <A HREF="../date-en/2017-10-22.htm">October 22, 2017</A>
LinkVelvet shank mushrooms (Flammulina velutipes) on a peninsula of 4-th South Pond on Elagin Island. Saint Petersburg, Russia, October 22, 2017
Location on mapsСанкт-Петербург, Елагин остров

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Acknowledgements

Russian web-forums Planeta Gribov, V Kontakte, and Griby Sredney Polosy for learning names of local mushrooms.

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