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Fungi: Basidiomycota: Agaricomycetes: Russulales: Russulaceae: Lactarius helvus (Fr.) Fr., 1838

Lactarius helvus – Fenugreek milkcap

Synonyms: Agaricus helvus, Agaricus tomentosus, Galorrheus helvus, Lactarius aquifluus, Lactarius tomentosus, Lactifluus aquifluus, Lactifluus helvus.

Common name: fenugreek milkcap.

Russian names: Mlechnik sero-rozovyy, Gruzd sero-rozovyy, Gruzd nesedobnyy, Mlechnik obyknovennyy, Mlechnik chalyy, Mlechnik yantarnyy.

Extract from Wikipedia article: Lactarius helvus, commonly known as fenugreek milkcap, is a member of the large milkcap genus Lactarius in the order Russulales. Fruiting bodies can be found in Sphagnum moss in coniferous and deciduous woodland in Europe, and possibly North America, although considerable debate continues about the North American variety, formerly referred to as Lactarius aquifluus. Mushrooms are pale brown-grey or beige in colour and funnel-shaped, with colourless, watery milk. Its distinctive smell has been likened to fenugreek, celery, liquorice, or Maggi instant soup. Mildly toxic when raw, it has been implicated in the poisoning of 418 people near Leipzig in October 1949. However, it is used in small quantities as a spice when dried. Sotolon, the agent that gives the fungus its odour, also occurs in fenugreek, maple syrup and lovage.

Photos of this mushroom from the area of St. Petersburg, Russia

Small fenugreek milkcap mushrooms (<B>Lactarius helvus</B>) taken from a swamp near Orekhovo, north from Saint Petersburg. Russia, <A HREF="../date-en/2016-07-27.htm">July 27, 2016</A>
LinkSmall fenugreek milkcap mushrooms (Lactarius helvus) taken from a swamp near Orekhovo, north from Saint Petersburg. Russia, July 27, 2016
Location on mapsЛенинградская область, Всеволожский район, Куйвозовское сельское поселение
Fenugreek milkcap mushrooms (<B>Lactarius helvus</B>) near Orekhovo, north from Saint Petersburg. Russia, <A HREF="../date-en/2016-08-13.htm">August 13, 2016</A>
LinkFenugreek milkcap mushrooms (Lactarius helvus) near Orekhovo, north from Saint Petersburg. Russia, August 13, 2016
Location on mapsЛенинградская область, Всеволожский район, Куйвозовское сельское поселение
Fenugreek milkcap mushrooms (<B>Lactarius helvus</B>) near Dibuny, north-west from Saint Petersburg, Russia, <A HREF="../date-en/2016-08-24.htm">August 24, 2016</A>
LinkFenugreek milkcap mushrooms (Lactarius helvus) near Dibuny, north-west from Saint Petersburg, Russia, August 24, 2016

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Acknowledgements

Russian web-forums Planeta Gribov, V Kontakte, and Griby Sredney Polosy for learning names of local mushrooms.

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