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Fungi: Basidiomycota: Agaricomycetes: Agaricales: Strophariaceae: Pholiota squarrosa (Vahl) P. Kumm., 1871

Pholiota squarrosa – Shaggy scalycap

Synonyms: Agaricus floccosus, Agaricus reflexus, Agaricus squarrosus, Agaricus verruculosus, Dryophila muelleri, Dryophila squarrosa, Fungus squarrosus, Gymnopus reflexus, Hypodendrum floccosum, Lepiota squarrosa, Pholiota jahnii, Pholiota muelleri, Pholiota verruculosa, Stropharia squarrosa.

Common name: shaggy scalycap.

Russian names: Cheshuychatka obyknovennaya, Cheshuychatka vorsistaya, Cheshuychatka cheshuychataya, Cheshuychatka sukhaya.

Extract from Wikipedia article: Pholiota squarrosa, commonly known as the shaggy scalycap, the shaggy Pholiota, or the scaly Pholiota, is a species of mushroom in the Strophariaceae family. Common in North America and Europe, it is often an opportunistic parasite, and has a wide range of hosts among deciduous trees, although it can also infect conifers. It can also live as a saprobe, deriving nutrients from decomposing wood. The mushroom is typically found growing in clusters at the base of trees and stumps. Both the cap and the stem are covered in small, pointed scales that are pointed downward and backward. The crowded gills are yellowish, then later rust-brown. The mushroom has an odor that, depending on the author, has been described as resembling garlic, lemon, radish, onion, or skunk. It has a strong taste, resembling radishes. Once thought to be edible, it is now considered and known to be poisonous, especially if consumed in combination with alcohol. The mushroom contains unique chemicals thought to help it infect plants by neutralizing defensive responses employed by them. The very similar P. squarrosoides differs in having a paler cap that is sticky between the scales, and smaller spores.

Photos of this mushroom from the area of St. Petersburg, Russia

Shaggy Scalycap mushrooms (<B>Pholiota squarrosa</B>) in Sosnovka Park. Saint Petersburg, Russia, <A HREF="../date-en/2013-09-15.htm">September 15, 2013</A>
LinkShaggy Scalycap mushrooms (Pholiota squarrosa) in Sosnovka Park. Saint Petersburg, Russia, September 15, 2013
Location on mapsСанкт-Петербург, парк Сосновка
Emerging Shaggy Scalycap mushrooms (<B>Pholiota squarrosa</B>, Russian name Cheshuychatka) in Botanic Gardens of Komarov Botanical Institute. Saint Petersburg, Russia, <A HREF="../date-en/2013-09-18.htm">September 18, 2013</A>
LinkEmerging Shaggy Scalycap mushrooms (Pholiota squarrosa, Russian name Cheshuychatka) in Botanic Gardens of Komarov Botanical Institute. Saint Petersburg, Russia, September 18, 2013
Location on mapsСанкт-Петербург, набережная реки Карповки
Shaggy Scalycap mushrooms (<B>Pholiota squarrosa</B>, Russian name Cheshuychatka) growing at a base of a tree in Botanic Gardens of Komarov Botanical Institute. Saint Petersburg, Russia, <A HREF="../date-en/2013-09-18.htm">September 18, 2013</A>
LinkShaggy Scalycap mushrooms (Pholiota squarrosa, Russian name Cheshuychatka) growing at a base of a tree in Botanic Gardens of Komarov Botanical Institute. Saint Petersburg, Russia, September 18, 2013
Location on mapsСанкт-Петербург, набережная реки Карповки
Shaggy Scalycap mushrooms (<B>Pholiota squarrosa</B>, Russian name Cheshuychatka) at a tree base in Botanic Gardens of Komarov Botanical Institute. Saint Petersburg, Russia, <A HREF="../date-en/2013-09-20.htm">September 20, 2013</A>
LinkShaggy Scalycap mushrooms (Pholiota squarrosa, Russian name Cheshuychatka) at a tree base in Botanic Gardens of Komarov Botanical Institute. Saint Petersburg, Russia, September 20, 2013
Location on mapsСанкт-Петербург, набережная реки Карповки
Shaggy Scalycap mushrooms (<B>Pholiota squarrosa</B>, Russian name Cheshuychatka) in Botanic Gardens of Komarov Botanical Institute. Saint Petersburg, Russia, <A HREF="../date-en/2015-09-21.htm">September 21, 2015</A>
LinkShaggy Scalycap mushrooms (Pholiota squarrosa, Russian name Cheshuychatka) in Botanic Gardens of Komarov Botanical Institute. Saint Petersburg, Russia, September 21, 2015
Location on mapsСанкт-Петербург, Петроградский район, муниципальный округ Аптекарский Остров, Ботанический сад
Shaggy scalycap mushrooms (<B>Pholiota squarrosa</B>) on a log near Gulf of Finland between Morskaya and Lisiy Nos, 5 miles west from Saint Petersburg. Russia, <A HREF="../date-en/2016-08-05.htm">August 5, 2016</A>
LinkShaggy scalycap mushrooms (Pholiota squarrosa) on a log near Gulf of Finland between Morskaya and Lisiy Nos, 5 miles west from Saint Petersburg. Russia, August 5, 2016
Location on mapsСанкт-Петербург, поселок Лисий Нос
Emerging Shaggy Scalycap mushrooms (<B>Pholiota squarrosa</B>, Russian name Cheshuychatka) in Sosnovka Park. Saint Petersburg, Russia, <A HREF="../date-en/2016-08-25.htm">August 25, 2016</A>
LinkEmerging Shaggy Scalycap mushrooms (Pholiota squarrosa, Russian name Cheshuychatka) in Sosnovka Park. Saint Petersburg, Russia, August 25, 2016
Young shaggy scalycap mushrooms (<B>Pholiota squarrosa</B>, Russian name Cheshuychatka) in Lisiy Nos, west from Saint Petersburg. Russia, <A HREF="../date-en/2016-09-12.htm">September 12, 2016</A>
LinkYoung shaggy scalycap mushrooms (Pholiota squarrosa, Russian name Cheshuychatka) in Lisiy Nos, west from Saint Petersburg. Russia, September 12, 2016
Location on mapsСанкт-Петербург, поселок Лисий Нос, Полянская дорога
Shaggy Scalycap mushrooms (<B>Pholiota squarrosa</B>) in Pavlovsk Park. Pavlovsk, suburb of Saint Petersburg, Russia, <A HREF="../date-en/2016-09-15.htm">September 15, 2016</A>
LinkShaggy Scalycap mushrooms (Pholiota squarrosa) in Pavlovsk Park. Pavlovsk, suburb of Saint Petersburg, Russia, September 15, 2016
Location on mapsСанкт-Петербург, Пушкинский район, Павловск, Пильбашенная аллея
Shaggy Scalycap mushrooms (<B>Pholiota squarrosa</B>, Russian name Cheshuychatka) under a nut tree in Botanic Gardens of Komarov Botanical Institute. Saint Petersburg, Russia, <A HREF="../date-en/2016-09-24.htm">September 24, 2016</A>
LinkShaggy Scalycap mushrooms (Pholiota squarrosa, Russian name Cheshuychatka) under a nut tree in Botanic Gardens of Komarov Botanical Institute. Saint Petersburg, Russia, September 24, 2016
Location on mapsСанкт-Петербург, набережная реки Карповки
Old caps of Shaggy Scalycap mushrooms (<B>Pholiota squarrosa</B>, Russian name Cheshuychatka) in Lisiy Nos, west from Saint Petersburg. Russia, <A HREF="../date-en/2016-10-09.htm">October 9, 2016</A>
LinkOld caps of Shaggy Scalycap mushrooms (Pholiota squarrosa, Russian name Cheshuychatka) in Lisiy Nos, west from Saint Petersburg. Russia, October 9, 2016
Location on mapsСанкт-Петербург, поселок Лисий Нос, Полянская дорога
Shaggy Scalycap mushrooms (<B>Pholiota squarrosa</B>, Russian name Cheshuychatka) in Posiolok near Vyritsa, south from Saint Petersburg, Russia, <A HREF="../date-en/2016-10-16.htm">October 16, 2016</A>
LinkShaggy Scalycap mushrooms (Pholiota squarrosa, Russian name Cheshuychatka) in Posiolok near Vyritsa, south from Saint Petersburg, Russia, October 16, 2016
Location on mapsЛенинградская область, Гатчинский район, Сиверское городское поселение
Shaggy scalycap mushrooms (<B>Pholiota squarrosa</B>, Russian name Cheshuychatka) in spruce forest in Posiolok near Vyritsa, south from Saint Petersburg, Russia, <A HREF="../date-en/2016-10-16.htm">October 16, 2016</A>
LinkShaggy scalycap mushrooms (Pholiota squarrosa, Russian name Cheshuychatka) in spruce forest in Posiolok near Vyritsa, south from Saint Petersburg, Russia, October 16, 2016
Location on mapsЛенинградская область, Гатчинский район, Сиверское городское поселение
Shaggy Scalycap mushrooms (<B>Pholiota squarrosa</B>, Russian name Cheshuychatka) in Botanic Gardens of Komarov Botanical Institute. Saint Petersburg, Russia, <A HREF="../date-en/2016-10-26.htm">October 26, 2016</A>
LinkShaggy Scalycap mushrooms (Pholiota squarrosa, Russian name Cheshuychatka) in Botanic Gardens of Komarov Botanical Institute. Saint Petersburg, Russia, October 26, 2016
Location on mapsСанкт-Петербург, улица Профессора Попова, 2к3
Partially frozen shaggy scalycap mushrooms (<B>Pholiota squarrosa</B>, Russian name Cheshuychatka) in Sosnovka Park. Saint Petersburg, Russia, <A HREF="../date-en/2016-11-23.htm">November 23, 2016</A>
LinkPartially frozen shaggy scalycap mushrooms (Pholiota squarrosa, Russian name Cheshuychatka) in Sosnovka Park. Saint Petersburg, Russia, November 23, 2016
Location on mapsСанкт-Петербург, Светлановский проспект
Shaggy scalycap mushrooms (<B>Pholiota squarrosa</B>, Russian name Cheshuychatka) taken from Sosnovka Park. Saint Petersburg, Russia, <A HREF="../date-en/2016-11-23.htm">November 23, 2016</A>
LinkShaggy scalycap mushrooms (Pholiota squarrosa, Russian name Cheshuychatka) taken from Sosnovka Park. Saint Petersburg, Russia, November 23, 2016
Shaggy scalycap (<B>Pholiota squarrosa</B>) mushrooms in Botanic Gardens of Komarov Botanical Institute. Saint Petersburg, Russia, <A HREF="../date-en/2017-09-30.htm">September 30, 2017</A>
LinkShaggy scalycap (Pholiota squarrosa) mushrooms in Botanic Gardens of Komarov Botanical Institute. Saint Petersburg, Russia, September 30, 2017
Location on mapsСанкт-Петербург, Ботанический сад

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Acknowledgements

Russian web-forums Planeta Gribov, V Kontakte, and Griby Sredney Polosy for learning names of local mushrooms.

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