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Fungi: Ascomycota: Pezizomycetes: Pezizales: Morchellaceae: Morchella esculenta (L.) Pers., 1801

Morchella esculenta – Morel

Synonyms: Helvella esculenta, Morchella abietina, Morchella conica, Morchella cylindrica, Morchella distans, Morchella dunensis, Morchella lutescens, Morchella ovalis, Morchella prunarii, Morchella pubescens, Morchella rigida, Morchella rotunda, Morchella tremelloides, Morchella umbrina, Morchella viridis, Morchella vulgaris, Morellus esculentus, Morilla conica, Morilla esculenta, Morilla tremelloides, Phalloboletus esculentus, Phallus esculentus, Phallus tremelloides.

Common name: morel.

Russian names: Smorchok nastoyashchiy, Smorchok sedobnyy, Smorchok konicheskiy, Smorchok obyknovennyy.

Extract from Wikipedia article: Morchella esculenta, (commonly known as common morel, morel, yellow morel, true morel, morel mushroom, and sponge morel) is a species of fungus in the Morchellaceae family of the Ascomycota. It is one of the most readily recognized of all the edible mushrooms and highly sought after. Each fruit body begins as a tightly compressed, grayish sponge with lighter ridges, and expands to form a large yellowish sponge with large pits and ridges raised on a large white stem. The pitted yellow-brown caps measure 2–7 cm (0.8–2.8 in) broad by 2–10 cm (0.8–3.9 in) tall, and are fused to the stem at its lower margin, forming a continuous hollow. The pits are rounded and irregularly arranged. The hollow stem is typically 2–9 cm (0.8–3.5 in) long by 2–5 cm (0.8–2.0 in) thick, and white to yellow. The fungus fruits under hardwoods during a short period in the spring, depending on the weather, but it is also associated with old orchards, woods, disturbed grounds and burnt areas. Although a process was reported in 1982 to grow the fruit bodies under controlled conditions, attempts to cultivate the mushroom commercially have only been partially successful.

Photos of this mushroom from the area of St. Petersburg, Russia

Morel mushrooms (<B>Morchella esculenta</B> var. conica, Morchella conica) on mushroom show in Botanic Gardens of Komarov Botanical Institute. Saint Petersburg, Russia, <A HREF="../date-en/2017-05-27.htm">May 27, 2017</A>
LinkMorel mushrooms (Morchella esculenta var. conica, Morchella conica) on mushroom show in Botanic Gardens of Komarov Botanical Institute. Saint Petersburg, Russia, May 27, 2017
Location on mapsСанкт-Петербург, улица Профессора Попова, 2Ж
Masses of morel mushrooms <B>Morchella esculenta</B> var. conica (Morchella conica) on mushroom show in Botanic Gardens of Komarov Botanical Institute. Saint Petersburg, Russia, <A HREF="../date-en/2017-05-27.htm">May 27, 2017</A>
LinkMasses of morel mushrooms Morchella esculenta var. conica (Morchella conica) on mushroom show in Botanic Gardens of Komarov Botanical Institute. Saint Petersburg, Russia, May 27, 2017
Location on mapsСанкт-Петербург, улица Профессора Попова, 2Ж
Morel mushrooms <B>Morchella esculenta</B> var. conica (Morchella conica) on mushroom show in Botanic Gardens of Komarov Botanical Institute. Saint Petersburg, Russia, <A HREF="../date-en/2017-05-27.htm">May 27, 2017</A>
LinkMorel mushrooms Morchella esculenta var. conica (Morchella conica) on mushroom show in Botanic Gardens of Komarov Botanical Institute. Saint Petersburg, Russia, May 27, 2017
Location on mapsСанкт-Петербург, улица Профессора Попова, 2Ж
Morel mushroom <B>Morchella esculenta</B> var. conica (Morchella conica) on mushroom show in Botanic Gardens of Komarov Botanical Institute. Saint Petersburg, Russia, <A HREF="../date-en/2017-05-27.htm">May 27, 2017</A>
LinkMorel mushroom Morchella esculenta var. conica (Morchella conica) on mushroom show in Botanic Gardens of Komarov Botanical Institute. Saint Petersburg, Russia, May 27, 2017
Location on mapsСанкт-Петербург, улица Профессора Попова, 2Ж
Close up of morel mushroom <B>Morchella esculenta</B> var. conica (Morchella conica) on mushroom show in Botanic Gardens of Komarov Botanical Institute. Saint Petersburg, Russia, <A HREF="../date-en/2017-05-27.htm">May 27, 2017</A>
LinkClose up of morel mushroom Morchella esculenta var. conica (Morchella conica) on mushroom show in Botanic Gardens of Komarov Botanical Institute. Saint Petersburg, Russia, May 27, 2017
Location on mapsСанкт-Петербург, улица Профессора Попова, 2Ж
Back lit morel mushroom <B>Morchella esculenta</B> var. conica (Morchella conica) on mushroom show in Botanic Gardens of Komarov Botanical Institute. Saint Petersburg, Russia, <A HREF="../date-en/2017-05-27.htm">May 27, 2017</A>
LinkBack lit morel mushroom Morchella esculenta var. conica (Morchella conica) on mushroom show in Botanic Gardens of Komarov Botanical Institute. Saint Petersburg, Russia, May 27, 2017
Location on mapsСанкт-Петербург, улица Профессора Попова, 2
Morel <B>Morchella esculenta</B> var. conica (Morchella conica) on mushroom show in Botanic Gardens of Komarov Botanical Institute. Saint Petersburg, Russia, <A HREF="../date-en/2017-05-27.htm">May 27, 2017</A>
LinkMorel Morchella esculenta var. conica (Morchella conica) on mushroom show in Botanic Gardens of Komarov Botanical Institute. Saint Petersburg, Russia, May 27, 2017
Location on mapsСанкт-Петербург, улица Профессора Попова, 2Ж
Close up of dissected morel <B>Morchella esculenta</B> var. conica (Morchella conica) on mushroom show in Botanic Gardens of Komarov Botanical Institute. Saint Petersburg, Russia, <A HREF="../date-en/2017-05-27.htm">May 27, 2017</A>
LinkClose up of dissected morel Morchella esculenta var. conica (Morchella conica) on mushroom show in Botanic Gardens of Komarov Botanical Institute. Saint Petersburg, Russia, May 27, 2017
Location on mapsСанкт-Петербург, улица Профессора Попова, 2Ж
Dissected morel <B>Morchella esculenta</B> var. conica (Morchella conica) on mushroom show in Botanic Gardens of Komarov Botanical Institute. Saint Petersburg, Russia, <A HREF="../date-en/2017-05-27.htm">May 27, 2017</A>
LinkDissected morel Morchella esculenta var. conica (Morchella conica) on mushroom show in Botanic Gardens of Komarov Botanical Institute. Saint Petersburg, Russia, May 27, 2017
Location on mapsСанкт-Петербург, улица Профессора Попова, 2Ж
Texture of a cap of a morel mushrooms <B>Morchella esculenta</B> var. conica found in a roadside ditch near Kavgolovskoe Lake in Toksovo, suburb of Saint Petersburg. Russia, <A HREF="../date-en/2017-06-10.htm">June 10, 2017</A>
LinkTexture of a cap of a morel mushrooms Morchella esculenta var. conica found in a roadside ditch near Kavgolovskoe Lake in Toksovo, suburb of Saint Petersburg. Russia, June 10, 2017
Location on mapsЛенинградская область, Всеволожский район, Токсовское городское поселение
Morel mushrooms <B>Morchella esculenta</B> var. conica in a roadside ditch near Kavgolovskoe Lake in Toksovo, suburb of Saint Petersburg. Russia, <A HREF="../date-en/2017-06-10.htm">June 10, 2017</A>
LinkMorel mushrooms Morchella esculenta var. conica in a roadside ditch near Kavgolovskoe Lake in Toksovo, suburb of Saint Petersburg. Russia, June 10, 2017
Location on mapsЛенинградская область, Всеволожский район, Токсовское городское поселение
Close up of a morel mushrooms <B>Morchella esculenta</B> var. conica taken from roadside near Kavgolovskoe Lake in Toksovo, suburb of Saint Petersburg. Russia, <A HREF="../date-en/2017-06-10.htm">June 10, 2017</A>
LinkClose up of a morel mushrooms Morchella esculenta var. conica taken from roadside near Kavgolovskoe Lake in Toksovo, suburb of Saint Petersburg. Russia, June 10, 2017
Back lit morel mushrooms <B>Morchella esculenta</B> var. conica near Kavgolovskoe Lake in Toksovo, suburb of Saint Petersburg. Russia, <A HREF="../date-en/2017-06-10.htm">June 10, 2017</A>
LinkBack lit morel mushrooms Morchella esculenta var. conica near Kavgolovskoe Lake in Toksovo, suburb of Saint Petersburg. Russia, June 10, 2017
Dissected morel mushrooms <B>Morchella esculenta</B> var. conica near Kavgolovskoe Lake in Toksovo, suburb of Saint Petersburg. Russia, <A HREF="../date-en/2017-06-10.htm">June 10, 2017</A>
LinkDissected morel mushrooms Morchella esculenta var. conica near Kavgolovskoe Lake in Toksovo, suburb of Saint Petersburg. Russia, June 10, 2017
Morel mushroom <B>Morchella esculenta</B> var. conica (Morchella conica) near Dibuny, north-west from Saint Petersburg, Russia, <A HREF="../date-en/2017-06-14.htm">June 14, 2017</A>
LinkMorel mushroom Morchella esculenta var. conica (Morchella conica) near Dibuny, north-west from Saint Petersburg, Russia, June 14, 2017
Location on mapsСанкт-Петербург, Курортный район, посёлок Песочный
Morel mushroom <B>Morchella esculenta</B> var. conica (Morchella conica) on roadside near Dibuny, north-west from Saint Petersburg, Russia, <A HREF="../date-en/2017-06-14.htm">June 14, 2017</A>
LinkMorel mushroom Morchella esculenta var. conica (Morchella conica) on roadside near Dibuny, north-west from Saint Petersburg, Russia, June 14, 2017
Location on mapsСанкт-Петербург, Курортный район, посёлок Песочный
Close up of a morel mushroom <B>Morchella esculenta</B> var. conica (Morchella conica) near Dibuny, north-west from Saint Petersburg, Russia, <A HREF="../date-en/2017-06-14.htm">June 14, 2017</A>
LinkClose up of a morel mushroom Morchella esculenta var. conica (Morchella conica) near Dibuny, north-west from Saint Petersburg, Russia, June 14, 2017
Location on mapsСанкт-Петербург, Курортный район, посёлок Песочный
Morel mushrooms <B>Morchella esculenta</B> on a bonfire place in Sosnovka Park. Saint Petersburg, Russia, <A HREF="../date-en/2019-05-11.htm">May 11, 2019</A>
LinkMorel mushrooms Morchella esculenta on a bonfire place in Sosnovka Park. Saint Petersburg, Russia, May 11, 2019
Location on mapsСанкт-Петербург, парк Сосновка
Morel mushrooms <B>Morchella esculenta</B> on burnt soil in Sosnovka Park. Saint Petersburg, Russia, <A HREF="../date-en/2019-05-11.htm">May 11, 2019</A>
LinkMorel mushrooms Morchella esculenta on burnt soil in Sosnovka Park. Saint Petersburg, Russia, May 11, 2019
Location on mapsСанкт-Петербург, парк Сосновка
Group of morel mushrooms <B>Morchella esculenta</B> on a bonfire place in Sosnovka Park. Saint Petersburg, Russia, <A HREF="../date-en/2019-05-11.htm">May 11, 2019</A>
LinkGroup of morel mushrooms Morchella esculenta on a bonfire place in Sosnovka Park. Saint Petersburg, Russia, May 11, 2019
Location on mapsСанкт-Петербург, парк Сосновка
Side view of morel mushrooms <B>Morchella esculenta</B> on a bonfire place in Sosnovka Park. Saint Petersburg, Russia, <A HREF="../date-en/2019-05-11.htm">May 11, 2019</A>
LinkSide view of morel mushrooms Morchella esculenta on a bonfire place in Sosnovka Park. Saint Petersburg, Russia, May 11, 2019
Location on mapsСанкт-Петербург, парк Сосновка
Dissected morel mushrooms <B>Morchella esculenta</B> on burnt soil in Sosnovka Park. Saint Petersburg, Russia, <A HREF="../date-en/2019-05-11.htm">May 11, 2019</A>
LinkDissected morel mushrooms Morchella esculenta on burnt soil in Sosnovka Park. Saint Petersburg, Russia, May 11, 2019
Location on mapsСанкт-Петербург, парк Сосновка
Morel mushrooms <B>Morchella esculenta</B> on an old bonfire place in Tarkhovka Park near Sestroretsk, west from Saint Petersburg. Russia, <A HREF="../date-en/2019-05-13.htm">May 13, 2019</A>
LinkMorel mushrooms Morchella esculenta on an old bonfire place in Tarkhovka Park near Sestroretsk, west from Saint Petersburg. Russia, May 13, 2019
Location on mapsСанкт-Петербург, Сестрорецк, Тарховский лесопарк
Group of morel mushrooms <B>Morchella esculenta</B> on an old bonfire place in Tarkhovka Park near Sestroretsk, west from Saint Petersburg. Russia, <A HREF="../date-en/2019-05-13.htm">May 13, 2019</A>
LinkGroup of morel mushrooms Morchella esculenta on an old bonfire place in Tarkhovka Park near Sestroretsk, west from Saint Petersburg. Russia, May 13, 2019
Location on mapsСанкт-Петербург, Сестрорецк, Тарховский лесопарк
Side view of morel mushrooms <B>Morchella esculenta</B> on an old bonfire place in Tarkhovka Park near Sestroretsk, west from Saint Petersburg. Russia, <A HREF="../date-en/2019-05-13.htm">May 13, 2019</A>
LinkSide view of morel mushrooms Morchella esculenta on an old bonfire place in Tarkhovka Park near Sestroretsk, west from Saint Petersburg. Russia, May 13, 2019
Location on mapsСанкт-Петербург, Сестрорецк, Тарховский лесопарк
Morel mushrooms <B>Morchella esculenta</B> var. conica (Morchella conica) near Road 41K-064 south from Mys Moryin Nos near Ladoga Lake, east from Saint Petersburg. Russia, <A HREF="../date-en/2019-05-14.htm">May 14, 2019</A>
LinkMorel mushrooms Morchella esculenta var. conica (Morchella conica) near Road 41K-064 south from Mys Moryin Nos near Ladoga Lake, east from Saint Petersburg. Russia, May 14, 2019
Location on mapsЛенинградская область, 41К-064
Group of morel mushrooms <B>Morchella esculenta</B> var. conica (Morchella conica) near Road 41K-064 south from Mys Moryin Nos near Ladoga Lake, east from Saint Petersburg. Russia, <A HREF="../date-en/2019-05-14.htm">May 14, 2019</A>
LinkGroup of morel mushrooms Morchella esculenta var. conica (Morchella conica) near Road 41K-064 south from Mys Moryin Nos near Ladoga Lake, east from Saint Petersburg. Russia, May 14, 2019
Dissected morel mushrooms <B>Morchella esculenta</B> var. conica (Morchella conica) near Road 41K-064 south from Mys Moryin Nos near Ladoga Lake, east from Saint Petersburg. Russia, <A HREF="../date-en/2019-05-14.htm">May 14, 2019</A>
LinkDissected morel mushrooms Morchella esculenta var. conica (Morchella conica) near Road 41K-064 south from Mys Moryin Nos near Ladoga Lake, east from Saint Petersburg. Russia, May 14, 2019
Morel mushroom <B>Morchella esculenta</B> var. conica (Morchella conica) among dry leaves near Road 41K-064 south from Mys Moryin Nos near Ladoga Lake, east from Saint Petersburg. Russia, <A HREF="../date-en/2019-05-14.htm">May 14, 2019</A>
LinkMorel mushroom Morchella esculenta var. conica (Morchella conica) among dry leaves near Road 41K-064 south from Mys Moryin Nos near Ladoga Lake, east from Saint Petersburg. Russia, May 14, 2019
Location on mapsЛенинградская область, Всеволожский район, Рахьинское городское поселение
Side view of a morel mushroom <B>Morchella esculenta</B> var. conica (Morchella conica) south from Mys Moryin Nos near Ladoga Lake, east from Saint Petersburg. Russia, <A HREF="../date-en/2019-05-14.htm">May 14, 2019</A>
LinkSide view of a morel mushroom Morchella esculenta var. conica (Morchella conica) south from Mys Moryin Nos near Ladoga Lake, east from Saint Petersburg. Russia, May 14, 2019
Location on mapsЛенинградская область, Всеволожский район, Рахьинское городское поселение
Morel mushrooms <B>Morchella esculenta</B> var. conica (Morchella conica) on a bonfire site west from Kavgolovo Lake near Toksovo, north from Saint Petersburg. Russia, <A HREF="../date-en/2019-05-19.htm">May 19, 2019</A>
LinkMorel mushrooms Morchella esculenta var. conica (Morchella conica) on a bonfire site west from Kavgolovo Lake near Toksovo, north from Saint Petersburg. Russia, May 19, 2019
Location on mapsЛенинградская область, Всеволожский район, Токсовское городское поселение
Morel mushrooms <B>Morchella esculenta</B> var. conica (Morchella conica) under a bush of ninebark (Physocarpus opulifolius) in Sosnovka Park. Saint Petersburg, Russia, <A HREF="../date-en/2019-05-20.htm">May 20, 2019</A>
LinkMorel mushrooms Morchella esculenta var. conica (Morchella conica) under a bush of ninebark (Physocarpus opulifolius) in Sosnovka Park. Saint Petersburg, Russia, May 20, 2019
Location on mapsСанкт-Петербург, парк Сосновка
Morel mushrooms <B>Morchella esculenta</B> var. conica (Morchella conica) in a roadside ditch near Lenin Trail in area of Razliv near Dibuny, north-west from Saint Petersburg, Russia, <A HREF="../date-en/2019-05-21.htm">May 21, 2019</A>
LinkMorel mushrooms Morchella esculenta var. conica (Morchella conica) in a roadside ditch near Lenin Trail in area of Razliv near Dibuny, north-west from Saint Petersburg, Russia, May 21, 2019
Location on mapsСанкт-Петербург, Курортный район, посёлок Песочный
Morel mushrooms <B>Morchella esculenta</B> var. conica on old bonfire site in Petiayarvi, north from Saint Petersburg. Russia, <A HREF="../date-en/2019-05-26.htm">May 26, 2019</A>
LinkMorel mushrooms Morchella esculenta var. conica on old bonfire site in Petiayarvi, north from Saint Petersburg. Russia, May 26, 2019
Location on mapsЛенинградская область, Приозерский район, Раздольевское сельское поселение

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Acknowledgements

Russian web-forums Planeta Gribov, V Kontakte, and Griby Sredney Polosy for learning names of local mushrooms.

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